Diabetic Eye Disease: Causes & Complications

Diabetic Eye Disease is a serious disease that can affect anyone who has diabetes. We
have provided more information about the causes and risk factors associated with Diabetic
Retinopathy. We share the causes and complications to make you aware. At Steck Eye Care we want to educate you to help you make wise decisions about your health.

What causes diabetic retinopathy?

Individuals with diabetes have high blood sugar levels increasing the viscosity of the blood. This damages small blood vessels that nourish the retina. As the vessels are affected, they swell and weaken and may become clogged. This causes the blood vessels to become blocked and cut the retina off from its blood supply. Then, the eye tries to grow new blood vessels. These vessels do not develop correctly, which can cause leaks and loss of vision.

What are the symptoms?

The damages associated with diabetic retinopathy may not cause an immediate blur in vision. Patients rarely notice symptoms until the damage is too severe and loss of vision has occurred. This can quickly lead to blindness. Because the damage happens slowly and goes unnoticed, early detection is vital. It is absolutely necessary to have regular comprehensive eye exams to check for damage.

What are the risk factors?

Diabetic retinopathy can happen to anyone who has diabetes. There are several factors that increase your risk.
● tobacco use
● high blood pressure
● pregnancy
● poor control of blood sugar
● poor dietary habits
● genetic factors

What should I do?

The best way to prevent diabetic retinopathy is by having yearly comprehensive eye exams. Having your doctor check your eyes is the only way to assess your retinal health. In addition to regular eye exams, you can aim to control the risk factors associated with diabetic retinopathy.

It is wise to control your diet, blood sugar, and tobacco use to help reduce the likelihood of
being diagnosed with diabetic eye disease. You can follow our blog to learn more. To learn
more about eye health and eye exams, contact Steck Eye Care today to schedule your next eye appointment. Call us at (414) 628-4235!